Discovering new and exotic fruits is a fun way to add variety to your diet while exploring new flavors and cultures. This article will explore the fruits that start with G, from the bright orange-red Gac fruit to the spicy Ghost Pepper. So whether you are a fruit lover or simply curious about new and exciting products, join us on a journey through the world of G fruits.
The entire list is on the table of contents.
Gấc is a type of melon grown in Southeast Asia and Northeastern Australia. It is known for its bright orange-red color due to its high beta-carotene and lycopene content. The fruit is typically round or oblong, covered in tiny spines, and changes color from green to yellow to orange and finally red upon ripening. It has a mild taste and dense flesh, with the edible part comprising two parts: the yellow fruit and the red seed membrane.
Gala is a popular apple cultivar known for its sweet, mild flavor and striped or mottled orange or reddish appearance. It originated in New Zealand in the 1930s and is clonally propagated. In 2018, Gala surpassed Red Delicious as the most-produced apple cultivar in the US for the first time in over 50 years, according to the US Apple Association. Gala apples are suitable for raw and cooked consumption and are predominantly used for creating sauces. The first Gala apple tree resulted from a cross between a Golden Delicious and a Kidd’s Orange Red planted in New Zealand by orchardist J.H. Kidd. It was later patented in the US by Donald W. McKenzie in 1974.
The Galia melon is a sweet and aromatic F1 hybrid melon that originated in Israel in 1973. It was named after the melon breeder Dr. Zvi Karchi’s daughter. It crosses the green-flesh melon cultivar ‘Ha-Ogen’ and the netted-rind melon cultivar ‘Krimka’. The fruits are rounded with a dense netting of rough lines on the skin and become yellow at full maturity. They have a very high content of total soluble solids, and the color of the skin measures ripeness. Galia melons are grown in many countries, including Algeria, Brazil, Guatemala, Portugal, Spain, Morocco, Southern US regions, Costa Rica, Panama, Honduras, Greece, Turkey, Israel, and Egypt.
Gallberry is an evergreen shrub that is native to the southeastern United States. It produces small, black berries about the size of a pea. The berries are not edible, but those leaves allegedly make a fine tea when dried and roasted. Gallberry is also an essential source of nectar for honeybees, and the honey produced from the nectar is highly prized for its unique flavor.
Gamboge fruit is a tropical fruit that is native to Southeast Asia. It is a small, round fruit, typically orange or yellow, with a tangy, acidic taste. The fruit is commonly used in cooking, particularly in curries and other spicy dishes. Fruits are 5 cm to 8.9 cm in diameter containing yellow flesh and around five seeds. Seeds are oblong or oval and brown.
Bouea macrophylla, also known as gandaria or plum mango, is an evergreen tree native to Southeast Asia and belongs to the family Anacardiaceae. It can reach up to 25 meters and has lanceolate to elliptic leaves. The fruit is green when unripe but turns orange/yellow when mature and is edible, including the skin. The taste is sweet to sour, resembling the Alphonso mango, and can be eaten raw or used in various dishes. You can also eat the leaves raw or added to salads. Due to its dense foliage, it is common to see it as an ornamental fruit-bearing shade tree. The time for flowering and fruiting varies depending on the region.
Garcinia is a tropical fruit native to Southeast Asia and India. It is a small, pumpkin-shaped fruit, typically green or yellow, with a sour, acidic taste. The fruit is commonly used in cooking, particularly in curries and chutneys. Garcinia fruit is also used in traditional medicine, as it is believed to contain anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer compounds.
Solanum aethiopicum, also known as bitter tomato, Ethiopian eggplant, nakati, garden eggs, pumpkin-on-a-stick, and mock tomato, is a fruiting plant found in Asia and Tropical Africa that is a popular vegetable in north-east India. It has a varied morphology, with ripe fruit resembling a cross between an eggplant and a tomato, reason why it is often confused with ordinary eggplants. However, Ethiopian eggplant may have originated from the domestication of Solanum anguivi and has been used as a source of disease-resistance genes for several commercially grown Solanaceae crops.
Solanum scabrum, also known as garden huckleberry, is an annual or perennial plant in the nightshade family, with uncertain geographic origin but found in Africa and North America and naturalized in many countries. It is grown as an edible leaf crop in Africa and has undergone genetic selection by farmers for leaf size and other characteristics. It is the most intensively cultivated species for leaf cropping within the Solanum nigrum complex. Njama njama, a Cameroonian cuisine dish, is made with leaves. In addition, the plant produces globular, purple-black berries used for dye in Africa.
Genip, also known as Melicoccus bijugatus, is a small fruit that grows on a tree native to the Caribbean and Central America. The fruit is similar in appearance to lychee and has green, leathery skin. Inside, the fruit contains a soft, white pulp that is sweet and juicy. The fruit is typically eaten fresh, but seeing them in desserts, jams, and cocktails is popular. In some cultures, the seeds are roasted and eaten as a snack.
Gherkin Cucumber, or Cucumis anguria, is a small, green fruit commonly used for pickling. The fruit is similar in appearance to a cucumber but is smaller and has a more prickly skin. Gherkin cucumbers are often used to make pickles, relishes, and chutneys, and you can eat them fresh as a snack. The fruit is high in water and contains various vitamins and minerals, making it a healthy addition to any diet.
Ghost Chili Pepper, also known as Bhut Jolokia, is one of the hottest peppers in the world. The fruit is small, typically red or orange, and commonly used to heat dishes such as curries, stews, and sauces. The pepper’s heat is measured on the Scoville scale. The Ghost Chili Pepper ranks over one million units, significantly hotter than a jalapeno pepper. Despite its heat, the Ghost Chili Pepper is also high in vitamins and antioxidants, making it a healthy addition to any diet when used in moderation.
The giant granadilla is a large, oblong-shaped fruit that can grow up to 30 cm in length and weighs up to 4 kg. It is native to Central and South America and known as the barbadine or badea. The fruit has a thick, waxy skin that is green when unripe and turns yellow or orange when ripe. Inside, the fruit is filled with a jelly-like pulp that has a sweet and tart flavor, often compared to a mix of passionfruit and guava. The giant granadilla is commonly eaten fresh, but you can use it in beverages, jams, and desserts. In addition to its delicious taste, the giant granadilla is also a good source of vitamins A and C and potassium.
Gliricidia, also known as quickstick, is a fruit from a tree native to Mexico and Central America. The fruit is small and pod-like, containing a few seeds inside. It is not commonly consumed as a fruit but is used for its medicinal properties. Gliricidia has been traditionally used to treat various ailments, including fever, wounds, and snake bites. The tree’s bark, leaves, and seeds are also used in traditional medicine. In addition, gliricidia is used in agroforestry practices to improve soil quality and as a natural pesticide.
Goji berries, also known as wolfberries, are small, red berries native to China. They have been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries. They are believed to have various health benefits, including boosting the immune system, improving vision, and promoting longevity. Goji berries are sweet and tangy and often used in teas, smoothies, and trail mixes. They are also used in traditional Chinese cuisine in soups, stews, and as a garnish for meat dishes.
Golden delicious apple
Golden delicious apples are a type of apple that is yellow and has a sweet, mild flavor. They are one of the most popular apple varieties in the world and are often used in baking and cooking due to their firm texture and ability to hold their shape. Golden delicious apples are a good source of fiber, vitamins, and minerals, so they are claimed to have a range of health benefits, including promoting heart health and aiding in weight loss. They are also popular snacks and are often eaten raw.
Golden kiwifruit is a small fruit with a fuzzy brown exterior and bright yellow flesh. It is a type of kiwifruit that is sweeter and less tangy than the traditional green kiwifruit. The golden kiwifruit is native to New Zealand but is now grown in several other countries, including Italy, Japan, and the United States. This fruit contains vitamins C and E, potassium, fiber, and antioxidants. It is often enjoyed raw or added to smoothies, salads, or desserts.
Goldenberry, also known as cape gooseberry, uchuva, or Peruvian groundcherry, is a small, round fruit that grows inside a paper-like husk. It is native to South America but is now grown in several countries, including the United States, South Africa, and Australia. The fruit is tangy and slightly sweet, with a flavor similar to a cross between a tomato and a pineapple. Goldenberries are an excellent source of vitamins A and C, iron, and antioxidants. They are often enjoyed fresh or used in jams, desserts, or savory dishes.
Gomphandra fruit that grows on trees of the Gomphandra genus, native to Southeast Asia and parts of Australia. There is little information about this fruit, and new species are being discovered, as you can see in this study from 2010.
Gorse, Furze, or Whin, is a small, dark-red berry that grows on the gorse plant, native to Europe and parts of Asia. The fruit is rich in vitamin C, vitamin A, and antioxidants. It is often used in traditional medicine for its potential health benefits, including treating coughs, colds, and fevers. The fruit is also used to make jams and jellies or fermented to make wine or vinegar.
Elaeagnus multiflora, the cherry elaeagnus, cherry silverberry, goumi, gumi, or natsugumi is a small, red fruit that grows on a shrub or small tree, native to China, Japan, and Korea. The fruit is round and juicy, similar to cherry or strawberry. Goumi is a good source of vitamin C, antioxidants, and omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. It is often used in traditional Chinese medicine for its potential health benefits, including reducing inflammation and boosting the immune system. The fruit is usually consumed fresh or made into jams, jellies, or wine. The plant is also grown for its nitrogen-fixing properties and is often used in agroforestry systems.
The Granny Smith apple is a type of apple native to Australia. It is a green apple with a tart flavor and firm, crisp flesh. Granny Smith apples are known for their versatility and are often used in cooking and baking. In addition, they are rich in fiber and vitamins, particularly vitamin C. The apple was named after Maria Ann Smith, an Australian orchardist who grew the fruit in the late 1800s.
Grape is a type of fruit that grows in clusters on woody vines. It is one of the oldest cultivated fruits in the world, with evidence of grape cultivation dating back to ancient Egypt. Grapes come in various colors, including red, green, and purple, and are often used to make wine, juice, and jam. They are rich in antioxidants and other beneficial compounds and have been shown to have numerous health benefits, including reducing the risk of heart disease and certain types of cancer. Grapes are also a good source of vitamins C and K, potassium, and fiber.
Grape tomatoes originated in southeast Asia and have a small size and high sugar content, similar to cherry tomatoes but a shape more like oval plum tomatoes. They were introduced to the worldwide market in the 1990s and have gained popularity due to their bite-sized shape and sweetness. A commercially significant variety, the Santa F1, was introduced into the US market in 1997 and is marketed by Procacci Brothers Sales Corporation under its subsidiary Santa Sweets, Inc. Unfortunately, the Santa F1 variety is rare in seed form; still, other grape tomato cultivars, such as Rosalita, are more widely available to home gardeners.
Grapefruit is a citrus fruit known for its sour to semi-sweet, somewhat bitter flavor. It is a good source of vitamins A and C and dietary fiber. Grapefruit comes in different varieties, such as red, white, and pink, and can range from small to large. It is often consumed for breakfast or as a refreshing snack and used as an ingredient in salads and cocktails. Grapefruit has various health benefits, such as weight loss and improved heart health.
Gravenstein apple is a variety of apples known for its tart, sweet flavor and crisp texture. It is typically harvested in late summer and early fall and is a popular ingredient in pies, jams, and ciders. Gravenstein apples are rich in dietary fiber and vitamin C and have been associated with various health benefits, such as improved gut health and reduced risk of chronic diseases. They are commonly grown in California and are considered a heritage apple variety.
Graviola, or soursop or guanabana, is a tropical fruit highly valued for its delicious flavor and nutritional benefits. It has a green, spiky exterior and a soft, creamy white interior that contains numerous black seeds. The flesh is juicy and sweet, with a distinct tartness that makes it ideal for juices, smoothies, and other desserts. In addition, Graviola is a rich source of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals, making it a popular choice for those seeking to improve their health. Some studies suggest that Graviola may have potential health benefits, such as reducing inflammation, promoting healthy digestion, and fighting cancer. However, more research is needed to confirm these potential benefits.
Greengage is a small green plum that is native to Europe. The fruit is small, round, and green when unripe and turns yellow or purple when ripe. The taste of greengage is sweet and tangy, with a soft and juicy texture. It is often eaten fresh or used in jams, jellies, and desserts. Greengage is also known for its health benefits as it contains high levels of Vitamin C, fiber, and antioxidants, essential for maintaining a healthy body.
Passiflora ligularis, commonly known as the sweet granadilla or grenadia, is a tropical fruit native to South America. It is like a passion fruit with a hard outer shell and soft, juicy pulp. The pulp is sweet and tangy, with a flavor often described as combining pineapple and guava. Granadilla is rich in vitamins A and C and minerals such as iron, phosphorus, and calcium. It is often used to make juices, smoothies, and desserts.
Prunus fruticose, dwarf cherry, ground cherry, Mongolian cherry, or steppe cherry is a deciduous, winter-hardy shrub that produces sour-sweet, light to dark red fruit used in cooking, jams, and jellies. The plant is native to various countries in Europe and Asia. It requires full sun and loamy soil, spreading via suckers. It is used for soil stabilization in designed landscapes, habitat restoration projects, and as a host plant for bees and other beneficial insects and birds. Prunus fruticosa is also grafted to Prunus avium ‘tree’ rootstock to produce horticultural cultivars.
Grumichama is a small, round fruit that grows on a tree native to Brazil. The fruit is about the size of a cherry and has a dark purple color when ripe. It has a sweet and tangy flavor similar to a plum or cherry. The fruit is rich in antioxidants and is a good source of vitamins A and C. Grumichama is often eaten fresh or used in jams, jellies, and other desserts.
Campomanesia adamantium, also known as gabiroba, guavira, or guabiroba do campo, is a small shrub native to central South America, found in Paraguay and Brazil. It produces small yellow-green edible fruits that are used to make treats like ice cream, jellies, and candy, and are also believed to have medicinal properties to help with inflammation, diarrhea, urinary tract infections, and gastrointestinal disorders due to its high concentration of zinc, calcium, aluminum, and potassium. The plant grows in acidic soil in the Cerrado savannas of Brazil and is predominantly pollinated by bees, specifically the non-native Apis mellifera.
Guarana is a small, red fruit in the family Sapindaceae that grows on a vine native to the Amazon rainforest. It has a bitter and slightly sweet flavor, often used in energy drinks and supplements due to its high caffeine content. Guarana berry is also rich in antioxidants and is a good source of vitamins B and C. In addition to its stimulant properties, it is believed to have several health benefits, including improved cognitive function and reduced fatigue.
Guava is a tropical fruit native to Mexico, Central America, and South America. The fruit is round or oval-shaped, with a green or yellow skin often covered in tiny bumps. The fruit’s flesh is creamy white, or pink, with small, edible seeds in the center. Guava has a sweet and tangy flavor similar to a combination of pear and strawberry. The fruit is often eaten fresh and can also be used to make juice, jam, or jelly.